Thu 16 October 2014, 15:00
'The Prospects of Forcible Alternatives to War in the Israel-Gaza Conflict'
Speaker: Eliav Lieblich (Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya)
Venue:Dorfman centre, St Peters College
Dr Eliav Lieblich from the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya will talk about the limitations of large-scale use of collective violence (war) as a tool for advancing a long-term calm between Israel and Palestinian armed groups in Gaza. He will discuss whether, and to what extent forcible alternatives to large-scale military operations, such as targeted killings, can bring better results. His lecture will be followed by a comment of Professor Dire Tladi from the University of Pretoria and a discussion with the audience.
Dr Lieblich is an Assistant Professor at Herzliya’s Radzyner School of Law. Dr Lieblich specializes in public international law, in particular the law on the use of force and international humanitarian law. He holds a J.S.D. and an LL.M (cum laude) from Columbia University Law School, and an LL.B (magna cum laude) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Professor Tladi is a prize-winning South African academic, diplomat, advocate and professor of international law at the University of Pretoria’s Faculty of Law. He is a serving member of the UN International Law Commission and acts as an arbitration lawyer in South Africa. He holds BLC and LLB degrees from the University of Pretoria, an LLM from the University of Connecticut and a PhD from Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Fri 17 October 2014, 13:00
'Humanitarian Access in 21st Century Armed Conflict: Legal and Practical Lessons from Syria'
Speaker: Emanuela Gillard (United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA))
Venue:Manor Road Building, Seminar Room G
Sponsored by the Centre for International Studies (CIS) and the Oxford Institute for Ethics Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC)
As the first event this year in the seminar series “Axis of Protection: Human Rights in International Law” Emanuela Gillard will talk about violations of and controversies around the international law on humanitarian access. She will reflect in particular on the lessons and implications of the fact that in the ongoing civil war in Syria non-governmental and governmental organisations have systematically been prevented from delivering aid to the displaced population.
Emanuela Gillard is on sabbatical from the position of Chief of the Protection of Civilians Section in the Policy Development and Studies Branch of the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). She is a senior research fellow of ELAC. Previously she served as legal adviser to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). She holds a B.A. in law and an LL.M from the University of Cambridge.
The seminar series is jointly convened by the University of Exeter, the University of Oxford, and the University of Reading.
Thu 13 November 2014, 16:30
Book Launch: 'Legitimate Targets? Social Construction, International Law and US Bombing'
Speaker: Janina Dill
Venue:Manor Road Building, Seminar Room C
An event of the Oxford Institute for Ethics Law and Armed Conflict (ELAC) and the Centre for International Studies (CIS)
Dr Janina Dill will introduce her book recently published by Cambridge University Press as part of the series Cambridge Studies in International relations. Her talk will be followed by two comments of Dr Adam Bower and Dr Thomas Simpson and a discussion in the audience.
Book summary: Based on an innovative theory of international law, Janina Dill’s book investigates the effectiveness of international humanitarian law (IHL) in regulating the conduct of warfare. Through a comprehensive examination of the IHL defining a legitimate target of attack, Dill reveals a controversy among legal and military professionals about the ‘logic’ according to which belligerents ought to balance humanitarian and military imperatives: the logics of sufficiency or efficiency. Law prescribes the former, but increased recourse to international law in US air warfare has led to targeting in accordance with the logic of efficiency. The logic of sufficiency is morally less problematic, yet neither logic satisfies contemporary expectations of effective IHL or legitimate warfare. Those expectations demand that hostilities follow a logic of liability, which proves impracticable. This book proposes changes to international law, but concludes that according to widely shared normative beliefs, on the twenty-first-century battlefield there are no truly legitimate targets